If you write fiction, you need world building. I want this to help you no matter what genre you write, so this post will cover broad but powerful principles. What Is World Building? World building means you have the sense of a bigger universe.
Additional Resources Industrial Control Systems ICS are physical equipment oriented technologies and systems that deal with the actual running of plants and equipment, include devices that ensure physical system integrity and meet technical constraints, and are event-driven and frequently real-time software applications or devices with embedded software.
These types of specialized systems are pervasive throughout the infrastructure and are required to meet numerous and often conflicting safety, performance, security, reliability, and operational requirements.
Historically, the majority of OT systems were proprietary, analog, vendor supported, and were not internet protocol IP enabled. The Stuxnet, Duqu, Flame and Shamoon malware were specifically designed to target ICS and cause physical damage to the processes or equipment.
Stuxnet "spoofed" the integrity of the uranium centrifuges and caused the centrifuges to overspin and self-destruct, while the operators console showed the system was operating within normal parameters.
The Duqu malware looks for information that could be useful in attacking industrial control systems. Its purpose is not to be destructive; the known components are trying to gather information.
The Flame malware looks for engineering drawings, specifications, and other technical details about the systems and records audio, screenshots, keyboard activity, and network traffic.
The program also records Skype conversations and can turn infected computers into Bluetooth beacons which attempt to download contact information from nearby Bluetooth-enabled devices. The most recent malware attack, Shamoon, destroyed over 30, Saudi Armco work stations.
Shamoon is capable of spreading to other computers on the network, through exploitation of shared hard drives.
Once a system is infected, the virus continues to compile a list of files from specific locations on the system, erase and then send information about these files back to the attacker. Finally, the virus will overwrite the master boot record of the system to prevent it from booting as shown in Figure 1.
The Shamoon malware has the ability to overwrite the master boot record of a computer. The Cybersecurity Framework shall include a set of standards, methodologies, procedures, and processes that align policy, business, and technological approaches to address cyber risks.
The Cybersecurity Framework shall incorporate voluntary consensus standards and industry best practices to the fullest extent possible. While federal agencies have been required to meet stringent Cybersecurity standards for the traditional IT systems since the Federal Information Security Management Act FISMA was passed inthe same level of protection and analysis is just beginning to be developed for building control systems.
Buildings are becoming increasingly reliant on technologies that allow centralized monitoring and control of multiple building systems Building Automation, Fire and Life Safety, Energy Management, Physical Security, Access Control, etc.
Because of the unique operating and configuration of building control systems, traditional IT processes such as continuous monitoring, host based scanning, and automated patch management can cause building control systems to fail or become non-operational.
This section will provide an overview of the current efforts underway with regards to policy, standards, guides, and tools to assist building owners and operators, designers, and constructors meet the Cybersecurity challenges.
ICS are physical equipment oriented technologies and systems that deal with the actual running of plants and equipment, include devices that ensure physical system integrity and meet technical constraints, and are event-driven and frequently real-time software applications or devices with embedded software.
An information system used to control industrial processes such as manufacturing, product handling, production, and distribution. Industrial control systems include supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA systems used to control geographically dispersed assets, as well as distributed control systems DCSs and smaller control systems using programmable logic controllers to control localized processes.Guidelines for Writing Reports in Engineering Engineering Faculty, Monash University Key features of reports both real world and theoretical writing your report, only .
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The headquarters features innovative building materials from the Saint-Gobain family of companies, including glazing, roofing, insulation, gypsum wallboard, and acoustical ceilings and wall panels, and serves as a living laboratory so employees can evaluate products while making improvements.
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The focus moves from countermeasures and weaknesses to secure software engineering. I realized that I needed to impose some discipline (in all aspects of my writing, not just world building, but that’s a different story).
Over the years I’ve worked out an approach that’s a compromise between my natural hastiness and the need for consistency in the development of an imaginary reality.