Edmund Burke, universally acknowledged as the founder of modern conservatism, famously defended tradition as a source of social safety and stability, a bulwark against the corrosive effects of an unfettered rationalism. To be sure, neither Burke nor his later followers have defended a blind adherence to traditional social forms.
Actually, the institution has been in a process of constant evolution. Pair-bonding began in the Stone Age as a way of organizing and controlling sexual conduct and providing a stable structure for child-rearing and the tasks of daily life. But that basic concept has taken many forms across different cultures and eras.
Polygamy is still common across much of the Muslim world. The idea of marriage as a sexually exclusive, romantic union between one man and one woman is a relatively recent development.
Until two centuries ago, said Harvard historian Nancy Cott, "monogamous households were a tiny, tiny portion" of the world population, found in "just Western Europe and little settlements in North America. The first recorded evidence of marriage contracts and ceremonies dates to 4, years ago, in Mesopotamia.
In the ancient world, marriage served primarily as a means of preserving power, with kings and other members of the ruling class marrying off daughters to forge alliances, acquire land, and produce legitimate heirs.
Even in the lower classes, women had little say over whom they married. The purpose of marriage was the production of heirs, as implied by the Latin word matrimonium, which is derived from mater mother.
When did the church get involved? In ancient Rome, marriage was a civil affair governed by imperial law. But when the empire collapsed, in the 5th century, church courts took over and elevated marriage to a holy union.
As the church's power grew through the Middle Ages, so did its influence over marriage. Inmarriage was declared one of the church's seven sacraments, alongside rites like baptism and penance.
But it was only in the 16th century that the church decreed that weddings be performed in public, by a priest, and before witnesses. What role did love play?
For most of human history, almost none at all. Marriage was considered too serious a matter to be based on such a fragile emotion. A Roman politician was expelled from the Senate in the 2nd century B. And as late as the 18th century, the French philosopher Montesquieu wrote that any man who was in love with his wife was probably too dull to be loved by another woman.
When did romance enter the picture?
In the 17th and 18th centuries, when Enlightenment thinkers pioneered the idea that life was about the pursuit of happiness. They advocated marrying for love rather than wealth or status. This trend was augmented by the Industrial Revolution and the growth of the middle class in the 19th century, which enabled young men to select a spouse and pay for a wedding, regardless of parental approval.Jun 10, · Third, the argument for same-sex marriage is advanced without any effort at a sympathetic understanding of traditional notions and what could be said in their defense.
For the proponents of same-sex marriage, institutions that treat different people Author: Carson Holloway. Same-Sex Marriage vs. Traditional Notions of Marriage Essay Sandra Griffin English 17 November Same-sex Marriage Marriage is the legal or religious ceremony that formalizes the decision of two people to live as a married couple.
Apr 19, · Some defenders of same-sex marriage fear that the gender discrimination argument ignores what they see as the true motivation for the laws . Until now, the differences between same-sex and heterosexual relationships have received little public attention. These differences, however, challenge the assumption that "marriage equality.
Apr 26, · It’s Not Gay Marriage vs. the Church Anymore signed a brief urging the court to legalize same-sex marriage. heroes exemplify what Americans now consider “traditional marriage. Marriage has been the source of a lot of discussion in recent decades, and people have all kinds of opinions about what marriage is (or isn't).