History[ edit ] The port was established on 26 May The hinterland connectivity both by rail and road is being further strengthened by ongoing projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridor DFCwhich will increase the existing train capacity of 27 to trains per day; Multi-Modal Logistics Park MMLP and widening of the Port road connectivity. Its proximity to the Cities of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Pune; airports; hotels, exhibition centres, etc.
Jawaharlal was the eldest of four children, two of whom were girls. Until the age of 16, Nehru was educated at home by a series of English governesses and tutors.
Only one of those—a part-Irish, part-Belgian theosophist, Ferdinand Brooks—appears to have made any impression on him. Jawaharlal also had a venerable Indian tutor who taught him Hindi and Sanskrit. In he went to Harrowa leading English school, where he stayed for two years.
From Harrow he went to Trinity College, Cambridgewhere he spent three years earning an honours degree in natural science. The contending pulls and pressures that his experience abroad were to exert on his personality were never completely resolved. Four years after his return to India, in MarchNehru married Kamala Kaul, who also came from a Kashmiri family that had settled in Delhi.
Their only child, Indira Priyadarshini, was born in ; she would later under her married name of Indira Gandhi also serve —77 and —84 as prime minister of India. Political apprenticeship On his return to India, Nehru at first had tried to settle down as a lawyer.
Unlike his father, however, he had only a desultory interest in his profession and did not relish either the practice of law or the company of lawyers. But not until father and son met Mahatma Gandhi and were persuaded to follow in his political footsteps did either of them develop any definite ideas on how freedom was to be attained.
The quality in Gandhi that impressed the two Nehrus was his insistence on action. A wrong, Gandhi argued, should not only be condemned but be resisted.
Earlier, Nehru and his father had been contemptuous of the run of contemporary Indian politicians, whose nationalismwith a few notable exceptions, consisted of interminable speeches and long-winded resolutions.
Gandhi was 20 years his senior. Neither seems to have made any initially strong impression on the other. Gandhi makes no mention of Nehru in an autobiography he dictated while imprisoned in the early s. That period saw an early wave of nationalist activity and governmental repression, which culminated in the Massacre of Amritsar in April ; according to an official report, persons were killed though other estimates were considerably higherand at least 1, were wounded when the local British military commander ordered his troops to fire on a crowd of unarmed Indians assembled in an almost completely enclosed space in the city.
When, late inthe prominent leaders and workers of the Congress Party were outlawed in some provinces, Nehru went to prison for the first time.
Over the next 24 years he was to serve another eight periods of detention, the last and longest ending in Juneafter an imprisonment of almost three years. In all, Nehru spent more than nine years in jail.
Characteristically, he described his terms of incarceration as normal interludes in a life of abnormal political activity. His political apprenticeship with the Congress Party lasted from to In he became general secretary of the party for two years, and he did so again in for another two years. His interests and duties took him on journeys over wide areas of India, particularly in his native United Provinces now Uttar Pradesh statewhere his first exposure to the overwhelming poverty and degradation of the peasantry had a profound influence on his basic ideas for solving those vital problems.
The watershed in his political and economic thinking was his tour of Europe and the Soviet Union during — His subsequent sojourns in prison enabled him to study Marxism in more depth.
Yet from then on, the yardstick of his economic thinking remained Marxist, adjusted, where necessary, to Indian conditions. Gandhi also correctly calculated that, with added responsibility, Nehru himself would be inclined to keep to the middle way.
Although Gandhi did not officially designate Nehru his political heir untilthe Indian populace as early as the mids saw in Nehru the natural successor to Gandhi. Ultimately, it provided for a federal system composed of the autonomous provinces and princely states.
Although federation never came into being, provincial autonomy was implemented. During the mids Nehru was much concerned with developments in Europe, which seemed to be drifting toward another world war. He was in Europe early invisiting his ailing wife, shortly before she died in a sanitarium in LausanneSwitzerland.
When the elections following the introduction of provincial autonomy brought the Congress Party to power in a majority of the provinces, Nehru was faced with a dilemma.
The subsequent clash between the Congress and the Muslim League hardened into a conflict between Hindus and Muslims that was ultimately to lead to the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan.Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November – 27 May ) was an Indian politician and the first Prime Minister of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Biography. Jawaharlal Nehru () was an Indian nationalist who campaigned for Indian grupobittia.com the tutelage of Gandhi, Nehru became India’s first Prime Minister after India gained independence in Nehru held this position until his death in Nehru was born in Allabhad and was educated in England, going to school at Harrow and later studying law at.
Watch video · An influential leader in the Indian independence movement and political heir of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru became the nation’s first prime minister in Although faced with the.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, also known as Nhava Sheva, is the largest container port in India. Located east of Mumbai (previously known as 'Bombay') in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, this port on the Arabian Sea is accessed via Thane Creek.
Its common name derives from the names of Nhava and Sheva villages that were situated here. This port is also the . Jawaharlal Nehru: Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of independent India (–64), who established parliamentary government and became noted for his neutralist (nonaligned) policies in foreign affairs.
He was also one of the principal leaders of India’s independence movement of the s and ’40s. Jawaharlal Nehru was a wise politician and a great statesman. He wrote a number of books and this is one of hem-The Discovery of India.
India will never, in all probability, again see another leader of his stature, who, like Mahatma Gandhi, had greatness thrust upon him, in India's eventful midnight hour/5(33).