Discuss how the three major sociological perspectives of functionalismconflict theoryand interactionism view the role of social institutions in society. If you would like to expand the discussion, you can use the References listed.
DurkheimKarl MarxMax WeberStructural FunctionalismSymbolic Interaction ismThe Conflict Theory Functionalism versus the Conflict Theory versus Symbolic Interactionism Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society.
Several sociologists, including Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, contributed to these extensive, diverse theories. Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively.
Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories. Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim elaborated functionalism. The structural-functionalism perspective views society as a combination of institutions, or functions, to equate societal stability and harmony, which Durkheim theorized.
Additionally, functionalists believe that these functions rely on each other, and when one function changes, the others do as well. Merton supported that functions can be of different types, such as dysfunctional or latent. On the other hand, only one man, Karl Marx, is popular for developing the conflict theory, a perspective that emphasizes inequality Mustapha.
Furthermore, he evaluated that the bourgeoisie capitalists execute widespread power by harboring numerous resources and manipulating individuals with institutions, such as religion. This leaves the proletariat workers with alienation, oppression and a potential motive to overthrow the capitalists and establish a classless society.
Lastly, sociologists Max Weber and George Herbert Mead influenced symbolic interactionism, an idea that is stemmed from symbols. Conversely, though, functionalism assumes that institutions automatically alter themselves to create stability, whereas the conflict theory notes that institutions, like religion, are used by the capitalists to manipulate others.
Despite this difference, both theories are evidently successful in grouping individuals together, by class or symbols.
Personal Opinion I appreciate functionalism the most and disapprove some aspects of the other theories. I believe that functionalism explains sociology the best among all three theories because it technically regards sociology as a natural science itself that is based on positivism.
In addition, it explains sociology most widely, whereas the other two theories are more limited to individuals and socio-economic classes, respectively. Also, I believe the conflict theory is not well developed and symbolic interactionism, a micro-sociological study, cannot observe wider societal situations.
Overall, all three theories gave influential contribution to sociology. Functionalism observes functions, which exist for social stability.
The conflict theory garners most individuals into two classes that stimulate inequality. Symbolic interactionism concentrates on individuals who assign, share and agree on symbolic meanings and mannerisms.
Works Cited Mustapha, Nasser.Conflict theories highlight contrasting social structures and stratification within historically dominant ideologies. Sociology Sociology is a fascinating subject which deals with the study of human behavior and social structure of our nation and world.
Jan 03, · Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively. Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism . Jan 03, · Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively.
Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories. Functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism are the main perspectives. In this article, we will be paying attention to functionalism and conflict theory.
Functionalism and Conflict theory use a macro approach in understanding the society. Compare and contrast the Functionalist and Interactionist perspectives to conflict [25 marks] Conflict is either positive or negative. However people assume that conflict is always negative.
People inherently are different, and conflict simply happens those differences come to light. Equipped with a. Functionalism, Conflict Theory, and Symbiotic Interaction Functionalism The functionalist theory states that all social institutions exist to keep society functioning (Conely, ).
Each social institution and process exists to serve a unique function to society, allowing it to continue running smoothly.