Print this page Islam and medical ethics Islam considers medical ethics the same as ethics in other areas of life.
An Islamic Perspective Mohammad Manzoor Malik Introduction Euthanasia is one of the significant bioethical issues that has grown in complexity over time because of unprecedented developments in medicine, biotechnology, palliative care, and advanced medical technology.
The issue is ethical and legal; new and old. In this chapter, euthanasia and its types are explained. Active euthanasia is explained with related issues which come under it and ethical guidance from the main sources of Islamic jurisprudence is taken to understand Islamic ethical position on the issue.
In a similar way, passive euthanasia is explained and the issues which come under it are explained and a detailed discourse is given in understanding the issues and how Islamic approach to medical treatment solves these issues. Explanation Euthanasia, commonly known as mercy killing, is one of the pressing bioethical issues that has grown in complexity over the past few decades because of unprecedented developments in medicine, biotechnology, palliative care, and advanced medical technology.
Euthanasia is both a new and an old issue.
It is new because of its understanding, forms, types and the relevant legal and ethical discourse. Moreover, it is the modern advanced medical technology that has brought this issue under extensive focus of philosophers, Mohammad Manzoor Malik academics, physicians, jurists, human rights activists and religious authorities.
Availability of advanced medical technology has generated various new moral issues such as abortion, cloning, and euthanasia, therefore, a new area of study has developed in ethics called bioethics or biomedical ethics.
Keeping people alive against their wishes by using life sustaining machines, e. In cases like this, the use of medical technology raises questions about the moral appropriateness of sustaining life versus taking life or allowing someone to die. On the other hand, euthanasia is old because it postulates similar arguments that are historically documented on the subject of suicide and are very much present in philosophy and religion.
Therefore, historical account of the debate regarding the end of life issues has remained dominantly on the subject of suicide; and euthanasia has been considered most of the time as a part of it.
Seeking a clear separation between them is, indeed, a recent development. It is mainly because of legal and ethical implications of these issues which have made a meaningful separation between them.
It is because ethical and legal implications of euthanasia are far more reaching than suicide. The delineations between them are mainly made to recommend different penalties for different cases. In Islamic perspective the difference between euthanasia and suicide could be made both on legal and ethical grounds.
This is because it is prohibited for a person to do self killing suicidewhereas in euthanasia it would be prohibited for both who seeks self-killing as well as who assists such a person in committing suicide.
On the other hand, there are factors which make suicide and euthanasia similar such as wishing death and ending a life. The quality of life and its intrinsic value or sanctity remain central in the arguments and debates on both euthanasia and suicide. Both these issues share many common threads which bring suicide and euthanasia on parallel, if not completely, nevertheless, partially.
That is why, in widespread account of the issue in written works, the Euthanasia: An Islamic Perspective distinction between suicide and euthanasia is mostly considered irrelevant.
Suicide and euthanasia debate breaks into two separate discourses. Both these subjects became separate along with their subject matter and arguments; although there is an unavoidable overlap between them. The nature of euthanasia becomes special because it touches the medical profession and debate over rights of patients and duties of clinicians.
Euthanasia which is defined generally as the deliberate killing of a person for his/her benefit, raises moral and religious questions such as: is it . Aug 21, · Islamic medical ethics is restating general ethical principles using medical terminology and with medical applications. Modern medicine has caused some ethical dilemmas in . The subject of euthanasia has generated many controversial debates, particularly on its legality. This has been primarily due to the doctrine of sanctity of life which is a predominant principle.
Thus, euthanasia widely becomes interdisciplinary and subject of legal and moral approval and disapproval in various countries. Following this further, then what is euthanasia?
Euthanasia etymologically comes from two Greek words, eu, well, and thanatos, death, so it means a good or easy death. Therefore, the common synonym for euthanasia in both lay and professional vocabularies has been mercy killing.
In this view, euthanasia is equivalent to mercy killing. The second view, Mohammad Manzoor Malik sometimes called the broad construal of euthanasia, includes within the definition of euthanasia both mercy killing and cessation of extraordinary medical treatment, i.
Passive euthanasia or euthanasia by omission, also called negative euthanasia, is the withholding or withdrawing the unnecessary and extraordinary medical treatment. The above given definitions are not without problems and limitations.Aug 21, · Islamic medical ethics is restating general ethical principles using medical terminology and with medical applications.
Modern medicine has caused some ethical dilemmas in . the Islamic ethical position on euthanasia with a view to appreciating its com-prehensiveness and investigating how an Islamic approach to medical treatment addresses the issue.
Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol February ; 6 (Suppl. 5): Euthanasia: An Islamic Ethical Perspective Kiarash Aramesh and Heydar Shadi Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Medical Sciences/ University of Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT Euthanasia which is defined generally as the deliberate killing of a person .
Chapter 11 Draft Copy Euthanasia: An Islamic Perspective Mohammad Manzoor Malik Introduction Euthanasia is one of the significant bioethical issues that has grown in complexity over time because of unprecedented developments in medicine, biotechnology, palliative care, and advanced medical technology.
Published: Fri, 21 Apr In our position paper, EUTHANASIA from an Islamic perspective, we are very clear that Active Euthanasia (giving lethal injection to end life, as an example) is not just absolutely prohibited; rather it is condemned in Islam.
From Islamic perspective sanctity of life is of supreme value, so killing a person out of mercy and in order to relieve him of pain and suffering is not only sinful, but a threat to the moral fabric of society.