Costumes[ edit ] In various interviews, Fellini claimed that the film's initial inspiration was the fashionable ladies' sack dress because of what the dress could hide beneath it. Having gone to school with Italian novelist Cesare PavesePinelli had closely followed the writer's career and felt that his over-intellectualism had become emotionally sterile, leading to his suicide in a Turin hotel in Set designer Piero Gherardi created over eighty locations, including the Via Venetothe dome of Saint Peter's with the staircase leading up to it, and various nightclubs.
The incorporation of trauma theory into film and media studies, realized in relation to the field-shaping influence of psychoanalytically informed film theory see Trauma and the Inner Worldhas enabled a fuller explication of the power and complexity of the relationships among calamitous historical events, media objects and networks, spectator positioning, and mental processes.
In designing this article, we have considered the historical development of trauma theory while recognizing and reflecting, through subheadings and entry choices, the fact that this history is multidimensional rather than linear, temporally recursive rather than chronological, and characterized by genuine differences of opinion.
Key debates include the location of trauma is trauma an internal, psychical phenomenon; an event in the world; or a combination of the internal and the external?
In short, scholars of film and media studies, along with those from many other disciplines, have embraced a plurality of trauma theory approaches while at the same time recognizing and contributing toafrom within or from outside of trauma theoryfthe ongoing self critiques of this research rubric.
A large number of the significant texts in this area of trauma theory have referred directly to the Holocaust of World War II. One might even say that Holocaust studies, if not the Holocaust itself, has been germinal for trauma theory. The method of categorizing Holocaust-related research in this article is twofold: The authors of this article have elected to disperse such references throughout to signal the overlap among Holocaust, memory, and trauma theory, and they have included as well a separate heading on Holocaust under which key works in Holocaust trauma theory are listed.
The authors of this article aim also to emphasize, most explicitly under the heading Decolonizing Trauma Studiesresearch related to trauma theory that seeks to critique and expand the paradigm beyond psychoanalysis, beyond the West, and beyond the Holocaust of World War II.
Thanks to David Gray and Jade Petermon for their assistance with this article.
Key Works The foundation for trauma theory has been firmly established across multiple disciplines and fields ranging from American studies, history, and psychoanalysis to cultural studies, sociology, and anthropology among others, with a particular upsurge in scholarship during the s. That underpinning is reflected in the key texts cited in this article.
Antze and Lambekan interdisciplinary volume, includes essays that mobilize and problematize the concept of trauma as does Radstone in offering a critique of the tendency of trauma theory to revert to binaristic thinking from more sophisticated theoretical approaches previously established in film and media studies.
Other works, such as CaruthTaland Hirsch have concentrated on the representation of trauma through literature, film, and photography. Equally intense in their inquiries of trauma, the authors Felman and LaubLaCapraand Leys have engaged with both theoretical and clinical aspects of psychoanalysis and how they inform our contemporary understanding of individual and collective psychic wounds.
Antze, Paul, and Michael Lambek, eds.
Cultural Essays in Trauma and Memory. Trauma, Narrative, and History. Johns Hopkins University Press, Felman, Shoshana, and Dori Laub. Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History. Photography Narrative and Postmemory. Harvard University Press, This text explores the power of photographic images in the construction of collective memory.The foundation for trauma theory has been firmly established across multiple disciplines and fields ranging from American studies, history, and psychoanalysis to cultural studies, sociology, and anthropology among others, with a particular upsurge in scholarship during the s.
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Music as Dream: Essays on Giacinto Scelsi showcases recent scholarly criticism on the music and philosophy of the brilliantly original composer Giacinto Scelsi.
In this collection, Franco Sciannameo and Alessandra Carlotta Pellegrini select and translate into English for the first time essays that reflect the evolution of recent scholarship on Scelsi’s musical compositions.
Essays and criticism on Tullio Kezich's Federico Fellini - Critical Essays. In this impressive and varied collection of creative essays, Mathias B.
Freese jousts with American culture. A mixture of the author's reminiscences, insights, observations, and criticism, the book examines the use and misuse of psychotherapy, childhood trauma, complicated family relationships, his frustration as a teacher, and the enduring value of tenaciously writing through it all.
Little Drummer Boy, Harry Chorale Simeone, Harry Simeone The Effective Reader, D. J Henry Competition and Development - The Power of Competitive Markets, Susan Joekes, Phil Evans Algebra 1 Study Guide and Intervention Workbook, McGraw-Hill .