Share via Email A Chinese man enters a community clinic for medical treatment in downtown Beijing, China. Working in Shijiazhuang offers double the local income and infinitely better career prospects, but also, the year-old hopes, better benefits and public services. Yet as a migrant, Ren does not have the same right to these benefits as those born in the city. Raised in one of China's poorest counties, but now enjoying urban life, he has experienced the triumphs and inequities of its social safety net first-hand.
This book examines events of public policy development in social welfare over this period through the lens of the public papers of Dr. Dumpson, whose social work career parallels the emergence and decline of public welfare in the United States. Dumpson began his career in the early years of the s, a decade that saw a fundamental shift in American social welfare philosophy as the federal government assumed shared responsibility with states for the costs and provision of social welfare services.
The growth of the system during these years was influenced by social movements and reforms that promoted a greater democratization in eligibility requirements and the increased participation of people of color. The s and s were decades that saw the advancement of a conservative ideology, the beginning devolution of responsibility for social welfare back to the states, and the dismantlement of entitlement programs for the poor along with the increasing racialization of the welfare debate.
By this time, Dumpson held high visibility in the field and was widely acclaimed for a career of substantive accomplishments as a public servant, administrator, social work educator, and advocate.
Papers in the James R. Dumpson Collection housed in the Fordham archives and those in his private collection chronicle his work over half a century.
These were decades of significant developments in social welfare policy and the professionalization of social work.
During periods of regressive policy developments, not only did Dumpson stay the course, but his was a constant voice of encouragement for social workers to remain true to the founding principles of the profession amid increasing trends of professionalization and preferences for the use of psychotherapy as a method of intervention that was increasingly favored by a growing number of social workers.
A Career in Service Punctuated by returns to appointments in academia and philanthropy, between the years of andDumpson served as a government official in five New York City mayoral administrations. He also served as a member of the mayoral transitional team for John Lindsay, was the chair of two foster care task force groups established by Edward Koch, and was appointed acting president and CEO and chairman of the Health and Hospital Corporation HHC by David Dinkins.
At the national level his government service included appointments to two national task force groups established by presidents Kennedy and Johnson to study juvenile gangs and youth narcotic involvement. Documents in the James R. Yet, on some issues of public policy making, the papers document that seemingly the more things change the more they remain the same.
This is especially apparent when examining the history of policy development for the poor and child welfare, which are fields of practice that were of central concern to Dumpson over the full term of his professional career.
Despite this stated intent, neither of these programs has been carried out in a manner that has had significant impact on reducing child poverty or promoting the family stability of at-risk children.
For example, the Dumpson papers provide extensive documentation that income assistance programs for poor children and child welfare services for at-risk children were highly controversial programs that have fallen far short in achieving stated program goals.
These programs have also become increasingly controversial within the context of the changing caseload demographics. Relative to the Aid to Dependent Children program, for example, the s and early s saw a number of states instituting reforms intended to reduce the welfare rolls that were increasingly comprised of single African American mothers.
Suitable home laws put in place by states in the s that allowed for the closer scrutiny of parental behaviors and resultant justification for closing the cases of needy families with children, the largest number of which were African American M.
Although never implemented under threat of loss of federal funds, one of the most highly publicized of these efforts was attempted in Newburgh, New York. · In the American welfare system, the distinction between the deserving and the undeserving poor has translated into a division between social insurance and public assistance programs.
Social insurance, which includes old age pensions and unemployment insurance, has been available on a universal basis to those who earn it through grupobittia.com://grupobittia.com · Social programs in the United States are welfare subsidies designed to meet needs of the American population.
Federal and state welfare programs include cash assistance, healthcare and medical provisions, food assistance, housing subsidies, energy and utilities subsidies, education and childcare assistance, and subsidies and assistance for other basic grupobittia.comssional funding · History · Types · Impact · Analysis · See alsogrupobittia.com Over the past two decades, federal and state policymakers have dramatically reshaped the nation’s system of cash welfare assistance for low-income families.
During this period, there has been considerable variation from state to state in approaches to welfare reform, which are often collectively referred to as “welfare-to-work programs.”grupobittia.com /welfare-work-program-benefits-and-costs. The Divided Welfare State is the first comprehensive political analysis of America's system of public and private social benefits.
Everyone knows that the American welfare state is less expensive and extensive, later to develop and slower to grow, than comparable programs grupobittia.com://grupobittia.com Current Issues and Programs in Social Welfare.
by Dr. Jerry Marx, Social Work Department, University of New Hampshire. Note: This entry is the first in a two-part series about current issues and programs in social grupobittia.com://grupobittia.com · the peculiar pattern of American income support programs until the s.
Second, I present an overview of the evolution of welfare spending over the past 40 grupobittia.com