History Abstract Over the past two decades, Mexico has gone from an authoritarian regime to an electoral democracy. Although this change is undoubtedly positive, the institutional engineering in place and the balance of power among institutions has led to increased political instability and a latent risk of political paralysis.
After president Robert Mugabe faced his first time ever loss in elections on 29 March he would rally against opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai one month later in presidential run-offs having to prepare losing his power after 28 years in office. Political violence and intimidation strategies from Zanu-PF in the rally for presidency were the reason for Tsvangirai to pull back his candidacy five days before the election day.
After his inauguration Mugabe was forced on the negotiation table with the mediators aiming at a power-sharing arrangement which was finally agreed on and officially started to work in February EISA In the following paper I want to focus on the power-sharing arrangement in theory and practice looking at the An analysis of lijpharts democracies case.
I am interested whether the academic discourse of power-sharing which is both a theory and a policy advice actually works for a specific constitutional design Lijphart So far the Zimbabwean case has not been discussed focusing on an analytical framework concerning its power-sharing performance.
As I examine some of the work concerning consociationalism theory my paper can be seen as a preparatory work for a closer understanding of the power-sharing arrangement in Zimbabwe. To contextualize the situation after the power-sharing agreement one needs to bear in mind the Zimbabwean political genesis of the past decades.
The Zimbabwean dilemma started when the military intervened in a costly conflict in the DR Congo in and started to ruin its own economy. Two years later Mugabe encouraged occupations of white commercial farms. By intentionally weakening one of the most vibrant economic sectors Zimbabwe soon faced high inflation rates, food shortages and growing unemployment.
Bythe year of elections Zimbabwe according to IMF formed the fastest shrinking economy in the world with four million people in desperate need of food Tarisayi After the formation of a power-sharing arrangement in the crucial question was if such a construction would work for Zimbabwe.
In addition to the enormous challenges within the country there are many reservations concerning power-sharing arrangements in general as the concept already failed in many African countries before Roeder and Rothchild In my paper I start with a chapter on theory: Then I will continue with a chapter regarding the polls and the points agreed for in the GPA leading to a chapter 4 where I combine theory and practice of cosociationalism in Zimbabwe.
By democracy I use the short definition formulated by Abraham Lincoln: Transition means the change of system from totalitarian to democratic regimes Nohlen I use these terms introductory to lead the reader to the possible improvements associated with power-sharing governments.
Power-sharing democracy by Arend Lijphard and his critics The model of power-sharing is frequently discussed in the academic milieu and has given cause for broad controversies among scholars especially of political science.
In Africa alone between and there have been 17 post-conflict power-sharing arrangements agreed on. In general terms power-sharing means that all relevant parties and representatives of all major groups share executive power in a broad coalition.grupobittia.com Enkel sökning Avancerad sökning - Forskningspublikationer Avancerad sökning - Studentuppsatser Statistik.
This analysis includes counts and averages for total MID dyads, the total of instigated MIDs, the counts and averages for MID dyads including other democracies, the totals of MIDs instigated with other democracies, and the percentage of total MIDs instigated that involve other democracies.
A proposal to enhance institutional arrangements. J.
Tovar. the rationale behind this analysis is that addressing the proposed reforms will generate a more balanced and standardized political system and, more importantly, it will create a system aimed at fulfilling citizens’ needs. Unlike Lijpharts 51 assertion that presidential. There are many ways in which, in principle, a democracy can be organized and run; in practice, too, modern democracies exhibit a variety of formal governmental institutions, like legislatures and courts, as well as political party and interest group systems.
an ANOVA analysis ; C. a measure of association used when was has two nominal variables.
D. None of the above; 16 What best describes Lijpharts attitude towards quantitative research? A. He does not like it and never uses it democracies) as a way to explain what factors. COMPAR ATIVE POLI TICS The Performance of Democracies COMPARAT IVE POL ITICS Comparative Politics is a series for students and teachers of political science that deals with.