Abnormal Psychology By Saul McLeodupdated August 05, Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society.
Supernatural traditions[ edit ] Throughout time, societies have proposed several explanations of abnormal behavior within human beings. Beginning in some hunter-gatherer societies, animists have believed that people demonstrating abnormal behavior are possessed by malevolent spirits.
This idea has been associated with trepanationthe practice of cutting a hole into the individual's skull in order to release the malevolent spirits. Performed by religious authorities, exorcism is thought of as another way to release evil spirits who cause pathological behavior within the person.
In some instances, individuals exhibiting unusual thoughts or behaviors have been exiled from society or worse.
Perceived witchcraftfor example, has been punished by death. It contained an early taxonomy of perceived deviant behavior and proposed guidelines for prosecuting deviant individuals.
Asylums[ edit ] The act of placing mentally ill individuals in a separate facility known as an asylum dates towhen King Henry VIII of England established the St. Mary of Bethlehem asylum in London. This hospital, nicknamed Bedlam, was famous for its deplorable conditions. These early asylums were often in miserable conditions.
However, many of the patients received helpful medical treatment. There was scientific curiosity into abnormal behavior although it was rarely investigated in the early asylums. Inmates in these early asylums were often put on display for profit as they were viewed as less than human.
The early asylums were basically modifications of the existing criminal institutions. He pushed for the idea that the patients should be treated with kindness and not the cruelty inflicted on them as if they were animals or criminals.
His experimental ideas such as removing the chains from the patients were met with reluctance. The experiments in kindness proved to be a great success, which helped to bring about a reform in the way mental institutions would be run. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message Institutionalization would continue to improve throughout the 19th and 20th century due to work of many humanitarians such as Dorethea Dixand the mental hygiene movement which promoted the physical well-being of the mental patients.
Mental hospitals began to grow substantially in numbers during the 20th century as care for the mentally ill increased in them. By there were overpatients in state mental hospitals in the USA.
These hospitals while better than the asylums of the past were still lacking in the means of effective treatment for the patients, and even though the reform movement had occurred; patients were often still met with cruel and inhumane treatment. The book called attention to the conditions which mental patients faced and helped to spark concern in the general public to create more humane mental health care in these overcrowded hospitals.
During this period the Hill-Burton Acts was also passed which was a program that funded mental health hospitals.
Along with the Community Health Services Act ofthe Hill-Burton Acts helped with the creation of outpatient psychiatric clinics, inpatient general hospitals, and rehabilitation and community consultation centers.In this lesson, you'll explore the basic concepts and principles of Gestalt psychology.
The word 'Gestalt' is a German word that means 'seeing the.
Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviors may or may not be part of a larger mental illness, or psychopathology. Abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the study of causes of mental dysfunction (mental illness, psychopathology, maladjustment, emotional disturbance).Abnormal behavior expressed because of psychological dysfunction can have features of deviance (depending on the culture), distress, and possible injury to self or grupobittia.com fact, .
The Journal of Abnormal Psychology ® publishes articles on basic research and theory in the broad field of psychopathology and other abnormal behaviors, their determinants, and correlates..
The following topics fall within the journal's major areas of focus: psychopathology — its etiology, development, symptomatology, and course. grupobittia.com has engaging psychology courses in general psychology, social psychology, abnormal psychology, human growth and development, and more!
Our self-paced video lessons can help you study for. Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental disorder. Although many behaviors could be considered as abnormal.